In July, the International Symposium on Information Theory will be held in Barcelona, Spain. One of the papers that will be appearing there is some recent work I have done with Mauro de Freitas, Laurent Clavier, Alban Goupil, Gareth Peters, and Nourddine Azzaoui. We have been considering variations on the additive -stable noise channel , where is an -stable random vector.
These kinds of channels appear in various communication systems including wireless and quite recently molecular. As such, it is interesting to try and compute the capacity of these channels. The special case with a power constraint has been extensively studied (it is the Gaussian case!), but in general the capacity is not well understood for other values of with any constraints.
Enter our paper. We considered the case where the noise is an isotropic -stable random vector. So, the channel is the additive isotropic -stable noise () channel. Our results? A quick summary:
- The optimal input for the channel subject to a constraint exists and is unique.
- The capacity subject to , is lower bounded by a function of the form: . ( is just the minimum of the elements of and is a constant that depends on the noise parameters)
We also had a brief look at the extension to parallel channels, but for that you will need to read the paper.
For the official summary…
Title: Achievable rates for additive isotropic alpha-stable noise channels
Abstract: Impulsive noise arises in many communication systems—ranging from wireless to molecular—and is often modeled via the -stable distribution. In this paper, we investigate properties of the capacity of complex isotropic -stable noise channels, which can arise in the context of wireless cellular communications and are not well understood at present. In particular, we derive a tractable lower bound, as well as prove existence and uniqueness of the optimal input distribution. We then apply our lower bound to study the case of parallel -stable noise channels and derive a bound that provides insight into the effect of the tail index on the achievable rate.